Turkish Music Instruments




This instrument is a 'state of the art' instrument with a removable neck. In the Turkish language "Cumbus" has a huge spectrum of meanings: fun, entertainment, to be funny, but it also means the intensity of sounds/timbre.

The Cumbus is A LIMITED production Turkish instrument. Only 3,000 pieces a year leave the Cumbus family factory in Istanbul. The instruments are still hand made. Offered to supply open-minded musicians heading for unique sounds and new playgrounds.





Kanuns used in Turkey have 26 courses of strings, with three strings per course. It is played on the lap by plucking the strings with two tortoise-shell picks, one in each hand, or by the fingernails, and has a range of three and a half octaves, from A2 to E6. The dimensions of Turkish kanuns are typically 95 to 100 cm (37-39") long, 38 to 40 cm (15-16") wide and 4 to 6 cm (1.5-2.3") high.[1] The instrument also has special latches for each course, called mandals. These small levers, which can be raised or lowered quickly by the performer while the instrument is being played, serve to change the pitch of a particular course slightly by altering the string lengths.


Ud (Oud)



This is a large-bodied, short-stemmed stringed instrument played not only in Turkey but also in the entire Arab world, including Tunisia, Morocco and Algeria, where it is known by the same name, as well as Iran and Azerbayjan. In Iran it is known as the ‘barbat.’ It is very similar to the European lute.





Tar is a Turkish folk instrument played with a plectrum, and is most popular in the Kars region of Turkey. It 's also known to be widely employed in Azerbayjan, Iran, Uzbekistan and Georgia.

The table is made of two bowls of different sized, and is generally made of mulberry wood. The chest section is covered with a membrane from the heart of a bull or an ox. The stem is made of hard wood, with frets made of fishing line.

There are two main groups of strings on the tar. The first groups are used in playing the melody, and are arranged in three groups of two. The other groups are called ‘kök’ (root) and ‘zeng,’ and are used for harmony, depending on the particular mode, and for tone enrichment.



saz baglama

Tayyar Akdeniz playing baglama

                                                                               Tayyar Akdeniz  is teaching  Baglama

Ba?lama is the most commonly used string folk instrument in Turkey. It takes different names according to the regions and according to its size such as Ba?lama, Divan Saz?, Bozuk, Çö?ür, Kopuz Ir?zva, Cura, Tambura, etc.

 Cura is the smallest member of the ba?lama family with the highest pitched sound. The member one size bigger than cura which gives a sound that is one octave lower than cura is the tambura. And the one with the deepest sound is the Divan saz? whose sound is one octave lower compared to tambura.

Ba?lama has three main parts called Tekne, Gö?üs and Sap. Tekne part is generally made from mulberry trees as well as from woods of juniper, beech, spruce or walnut. The gö?üs part is made from spruce and the sap section from beech or juniper.

 There are pieces called burgu (screw) at the end of the sap which is opposite to tekne part to which the strings are tied. These screws are used for tuning. There are pitches on the sap tied fith fish line. Ba?lama is played with a M?zrap or Tezene made from cherry wood bark or plastic and fingers are used in some regions. The later technique is called ?elpe.

Thee three string groups on ba?lama in groups of two or three. These string groups can be tuned in a variety of ways. For example in the tuning style called ba?lama Düzeni, the strings in the lower group give "A" note, middle group strings "D" note and upper group strings give "E" notes. Besides this type of tuning there are Kara Düzen, Misket Düzeni Müstezat, Abdal Düzeni, Rast Düzeni etc. styles.


             Tayyar Akdeniz is teaching Baglama                                Soner Cicek is Teaching baglama


     Omar Faruk Tekbilek is teaching Baglama

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